Thesis Supervisor: Dr. Yuan Chao
Site: Pasir Panjang Terminal, Singapore
Land scarcity is becoming a larger problem as populations rise in recent years. Land reclamation is the go-to solution for increasing usable land to house the population. This leads to the destruction of the coastal habitats and a loss of biodiversity of aquatic lifeforms. Situated in between Pasir Panjang and Pulau Brani, the project explores the solution of expanding into water if the area had not been previously reclaimed. Using strategies of mixed land use, transportation, ecology and an energy-water-food nexus, the aquatic neighbourhood allows for humans and marine creatures to co-exist in a balanced environment.
The neighbourhood not only shows a solution to building above aquatic environments for humans, but also the minimal interference with natural marine habitats and the creation of new artificial habitats for marine creatures where previously impossible. The complex relationship of nature and the manmade environment is important in the future of civilisation, and the project explores the inter-relation with water based programmes and strategies, not to separate the two habitats, but to bring people closer to the natural marine ecosystem.
Transportation and connectivity to mainland is important. The neighbourhood is connected through monorail, roads and pedestrian paths. The connection from the east to the west also links to a larger green corridor from the West coast to the East coast park, as a waterfront promenade.
The neighbourhood is required to be sustainable to prevent environmental impacts to the marine ecosystem. Employing different passive design strategies as well as a sustainable transportation network is key.
Connecting People and Nature
The buildings are made of different layers of platforms that are interconnected. The water level platform includes various types of programmes and technologies that bring the human and marine ecoystems together. Intertidal pools exposed in low tides allow for collection of crustaceans, shellfish and seagrass. In higher tides, these are habitats for intertidal marine creatures.
The structures are held up by columns made of biorock, which acts as substrate for corals and habitats for marine creatures. The pedestrian environment has treatment swales to treat waste greywater. Shops and malls provide groceries to the residents. An urban farming level allows residents to farm vegetables and fruits.
The near shore zone allows for residents to access the natural beach through a floating jetty. In this zone, there are natural reef formations. Various programmes on the water level platform include 3D ocean farming and glass bottom swimming pools, where the reef is visible below.
NEAR SHORE ZONE
Technologies for both human and marine creatures
Sun-shading and BIPV integration
Water Level Programmes
Porous pool allows light penetration and water based programmes
Buildings are porous to capture both prevailing winds and the sea breeze