Singapore Urban Farming Prototype
Thesis supervisor: A/P Shinya Okuda
Site: Bedok Interchange Food Centre
In the upcoming decades, discussions about food crisis would be gaining more lime light and priority on the agenda list for the governments of countries worldwide given the inevitable surge in global population and unpromising progress in agricultural sector to catch up with rising food demand that comes along.
The traditional way of making food is about to lose its workability in the near future and the search new model of agricultural production is urgent. Singapore, in the scene, is not spared from such fate and the country is
indeed in a greater need for the new solution to secure her food supply given that the entire nation has tied its food plate so closely to the farmers from everywhere in the world.
This thesis therefore aims to develop a highly robust model of urban farming system that is efficient in terms of space, energy, water and other agricultural inputs while being extremely productive such that the hunger of the dense urban population can be addressed. Ultimately, an architectural intervention to design a new prototype of farm-consumption-recycling facility would be proposed to operate the new system of food supply.
Bedok Interchange Food Centre is located at a vital location surrounded by various transport nodes and will regularly experience large amount of human circulation. This renders the site an ideal location to test out the
proposed urban farming prototype at the neighbourhood scale. The objective is to create a mixed purposed food court that houses farm production above the ground level and waste treatment at the basement level.
Bedok Interchange Food Centre is eventually re-designed into a high-rise tower that consists of 1 main tower located at the original land parcel while 3 side towers are held in suspension at higher levels by the main
tower, so that high density farm production is made possible even within a relatively small plot of land without compromising the original commercial function of having food court around the region.
Aquaculture production is located at the lower portion of the main tower and it serves to supply freshwater to the local consumers. Crops including rice, vegetables, fruits are grown on the panels and housed at the upper
portion of the main and side towers where there is sufficient amount of direct sunlight. Rotation mechanism is utilised to propel the side towers in circular motion so as to ensure all surfaces of the towers can receive sunlight during the day time.
At the bottom of side towers, the 3 towers are connected to the main tower via truss structure. The connection level is dedicated to the packing station. All the fresh produce harvested from the side towers will be packed here and then sent to the wet market through the spiral conveyor
belt system. At the end the spiral conveyor belt, the farm produce transported will be transferred into a network of conveyor tracks that are linked to all the market stalls.
Food court stalls and dining area are at the two and three storeys and surrounding the wet market at the centre. This arrangement allows the consumers at the food court to oversee the entire market and the food transportation system.
Floor plates at the food court have openings at regular interval and covered with glass, thereby creating visual connection o the waste treatment level below where food waste is processed into useful resources.